The term ‘’Artificial Intelligence’’ was coined with the ultimate desire to create technology more intelligent and smarter than humans. Since that time, several AI pieces of research has experienced many ups and downs. But, ever since the rise of machine learning, especially deep learning, it seems that AI is gaining momentum, with each success story almost every day.
Today AI is leading the way to change life on Earth for the betterment of the surrounding environment. AI is capable of performing tasks that seemed impossible before and are also out of the reach of humans. There have been significant breakthroughs in the field of machine learning. ALL these concepts have allowed machines to analyze information themselves and perform in a sophisticated manner. It implies that AI systems are outperforming humans.
This post is my personal opinion regarding how AI has outperformed humans, followed by how AI is helping in cybersecurity. So, let’s find out more about it.
How has AI outwitted humans?
In today’s technologically advanced world, we often see a variety of tasks that AI systems do in a much better way than human beings. Humans don’t have countless abilities and skills. For this reason, we are capable of certain things, but as shown by AI systems like AlphaGo and Watson, humans are outwitted by machines while performing most of the individual’s tasks, no matter how challenging they appear at first.
There are some natural limitations in the productivity of the human brain. A human can surely turn to experts for help in assessing the potential of investing in a startup, but what if we need to examine the possibility of several thousand rather than a single company?
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There is no expert and even a group of experts who would efficiently process such a significant volume of information. However, the use of AI makes such issues resolvable. Like for instance, Squilla Capital uses Artificial Intelligence along with Big Data to analyze more than eight thousand startups by using such metrics as web and social media analytics, trading blockchain data, and others.
Human beings excel at using their experience, imagination, and judgment to put better security strategies in place and improve the overall security posture. It means that if they are not being warned by alerts and incidents, they might suffer badly. Thanks to AI, which alerts them before time, they can get back to what they do best.
Moreover, systems that run on AI can unlock potential for natural language processing, which collects information automatically by gathering various articles, news reports, and studies on cyber threats. The collected information gives insight to cyber-attacks, glitches, and prevention techniques. In this way, the cybersecurity companies remain updated regarding the latest risks and timeframe as well as build responsive strategies to keep the organization protected, which is quite challenging for humans to do so alone.
It is also found that 61% of organizations can detect breach attempts only with the use of AI technologies. Hence, it proves that AI is overtaking humans both in the fields of cybersecurity and data protection.
How is AI helping in cybersecurity?
Well! To a great extent, AI systems are outperforming humans, but there are certain limitations and drawbacks, too, which will be discussed later in this article.
AI is naturally skilled at utilizing massive data for analysis and is possibly the only suitable way to process big data in a given period. AI is capable of performing tasks without any supervision, which significantly improves analysis efficiency. These characteristics of AI enable it to take over humans.
AI is also capable of surveilling, identifying, monitoring, and tracking individuals across various devices, either they are at home, work, or even at any public location. It means that if your personal and private data is anonymized after it becomes a part of a large data set, an AI system can easily de-anonymize the date based on the interferences from other devices. The system blurs the differences between both personal and non-personal data and ensures protection from cybercriminals.
Furthermore, many cybersecurity firms are training AI systems to identify malware and viruses with the help of sophisticated algorithms, so AI can run various patterns of recognition in software. The AI systems also help in detecting the smallest behavior of ransomware attacks before it enters the system and later isolates them from that system. It shows that how AI systems are overtaking humans and helping in data protection of various firms too.
For personal protection and privacy, AI is again outperforming humans but in a negative sense by increasing the privacy risks to individuals. The AI-driven consumer products and autonomous systems are continuously equipped with sensors which collect and generate a massive amount of data without the knowledge of their users.
AI methods are used to recognize people who want to remain anonymous. They generate sensitive information about people from non-personal data with a mission to profile people based on their population-scale data, some of which influence an individual’s lives.
Limitations of using AI
The benefits discussed above are just a fraction of the potential of how AI is helpful in the cybersecurity world and how it is outperforming human beings. However, there are some limitations, too, which are preventing AI from becoming a mainstream tool to be used in this field.
To build and maintain AI systems, organizations might need a massive amount of resources, which includes data, computing power, and memory.
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Secondly, it is also a fact that hackers can also use AI to test their malware and enhance it to become AI-proof. AI-proof malware can be exceptionally destructive as they are capable of learning from the existing AI tools and create more advanced attacks that can penetrate AI-boosted systems.
Mentioned below are some strategies which every firm should adopt to overcome the AI limitations.
Hire cybersecurity professionals who have prior experience and skills in different areas of cybersecurity.
Employ a cybersecurity team for testing systems and networks for any possible gaps and fix them as soon as possible.
Install firewalls as well as other malware scanners to protect your systems and keep them updated to match the redesigned malware.
Monitor the outgoing traffic and do apply exit filters to restrict the type of traffic.
Use filters for URLs to block any malicious links which can have malware or a virus.
Digital technologies like AI have made significant contributions to many areas of our life. The enormous quantities of information which we can collect and analyze are all blessings of AI. But there are areas where AI is restricted, so humans are the only possible solutions. Therefore, it is evident to say that AI has outperformed humans not entirely but to a great extent.