Abstract stock market bar graph on world map background showing investment fraud schemes impersonating broker-dealers

Fake Broker-Dealers Stole $50 Million Through an Online Investment Fraud Scheme Impersonating Legitimate Institutions

A 56-year-old California Allen Giltman pleaded guilty for his role in an internet-based investment fraud scheme by fake broker-dealers who stole about $50 million from at least 70 victims from 2012 to October 2020.

The suspect and his accomplices solicited money from the victims through multiple fake websites. The fraudulent websites were designed to closely resemble websites of reputable financial institutions. Sometimes, the fraudulent websites were designed to resemble legitimate seeming financial institutions that hardly exist.

Additionally, the scammers impersonated real FINRA broker-dealers and claimed to work for the spoofed financial institutions. They offered investment opportunities through purchasing certificates of deposit (CD) with higher-than-average rates of return.

According to court documents, the fraudsters advertised their scams through Google and Bing search result ads using keywords such as “best CD rates” and “highest CD rates.”

Fake broker-dealers involved in online investment fraud exploited investor trust

The fake broker-dealers gained investor confidence by using actual names and logos of existing financial institutions.

Additionally, claimed that the institutions were regulated by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the Securities Investor Protection Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

They used FINRA or FDIC identification numbers issued to real broker-dealers and financial institutions, and also lied to the victims that their deposits were insured by the FDIC.

According to evidence presented in court, the victims discovered the online investment fraud scheme through online search ads on Google and Bing. They contacted an individual identified as “Giltman” via a telephone number or an email address provided on the fraudulent websites.

Giltman would provide the victims with applications and instructions to wire money to purchase CDs. However, none of the victims received a CD after sending money.

Altogether, the fake broker-dealers collected about $50 million from at least 70 victims. Law enforcement identified at least 150 websites involved in the online investment fraud scheme.

Fake broker-dealers masked their true identities to defraud investors

The fake broker-dealers hid their real identities through various tactics like prepaid gift cards, encrypted apps, prepaid phones, and virtual private networks (VPNs).

According to the indictment, the fake broker-dealers transferred the proceeds of their online investment fraud to international bank accounts located in Russia, the Republic of Georgia, Hong Kong, and Turkey.

They used fake invoices to explain the large money transfers originating from the investment fraud scheme.

One suspect could serve a 25-year sentence for wire fraud and securities fraud

The Irvine resident pleaded guilty to a single count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and another count of conspiracy to commit securities fraud during a virtual arraignment before U.S. District Judge John Michael Vazquez.

He faces 20 years in prison and a $250,000 fine or twice the gross amount of gain or loss (whichever is greatest) for conspiracy to commit wire fraud.

Additionally, he faces a maximum prison sentence of five years and a $250,000 fine or twice the greatest amount of either the gain or loss from the offense of securities fraud.

Giltman will receive his sentence on May 10, 2022, for the role he played in the online investment fraud. Perhaps his confession will assist law enforcement agencies to identify other fake broker-dealers involved in the scam.

According to FBI’s 2020 cybercrime statistics, investment fraud is among the top-grossing cybercrimes amounting to about $336 million, behind romance scams ($600 million) and business email compromise ($1.87 billion).

Javvad Malik, Security Awareness Advocate at KnowBe4, said that people never learn despite online investment frauds existing for a long time.

“These kinds of scams and frauds are unfortunately not new, yet remain effective,” Malik said. “People will often fall for scams which look legitimate, such as those presented as investment opportunities with promises of guaranteed or high returns.”

Malik reminded potential investors that if a deal appears to be too good to be true, it usually is. He advised them to verify the authenticity of the websites and check the payment process.

He also pointed out that a legitimate organization would hardly deviate from standard payment methods in favor of gift cards, cryptocurrency, and alternative payment methods. “No legitimate organization will restrict payment options, especially where large sums are involved,” concluded Malik.